Tvet Colleges in South Africa Zimbabwe

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Tvet Colleges in South Africa Zimbabwe

Tvet Colleges in South Africa Zimbabwe

In South Africa and Zimbabwe, Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutes are essential for providing students with the information and practical skills needed to satisfy the demands of diverse sectors. In this post, we’ll look at the importance of TVET colleges, their effects on the economy, and how they help people become more independent.

Tvet Colleges in South Africa Zimbabwe

The Rationalisation of Vocational and Technical Education policy, which was developed in 1990, establishes the framework for TVET in Zimbabwe. The Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education published a study of the TVET system in 2005, highlighting major difficulties and offering recommendations for reform. A number of parameters for a TVET policy review are defined in the Report on the Technical and Vocational Education and Training Policy Review Framework (2005).

Faced with significant economic and social issues, Zimbabwe’s Inclusive Government created the Short Term Emergency Recovery Programme (STERP), which promotes closer collaboration between state TVET programs and income-generating projects. It also describes the government’s plans to decentralize TVET in order to make it more relevant to the general public.

Legislation governing TVET

The major legal instrument governing primary and secondary education in Zimbabwe is the Education Act No. 5/1987. It was amended in 1991 and 2004 and lays out the basic principles of education, including the elimination of racial discrimination, free and compulsory primary education, state support for literacy programs and non-formal and adult education, decentralized management, and teacher education expansion.

The Management, Operation, and Maintenance of TVET Institutions, Universities, Teachers’ Colleges, and Vocational Training Schemes are governed by the Manpower Planning and Development Act: 28:02 of 1984 (as amended in 1996). The Act encourages human resource development, including apprenticeships and skilled worker certification, provides a training levy, and defines the National Manpower Advisory Board’s duties.

Read also: Is the Tvet application open?

Government funding

Depending on the year’s revenue plan, public TVET institutions receive budget allocations that cover employment and operational costs, as well as funding for capital development projects. State-assisted TVET providers benefit from funding for employment costs, while private TVET institutions do not receive any public funding.

Tuition Fee

Students pay their fees (tuition, examination fees, etc.) directly to the institution. Income generated through student fees is administered under the Tertiary Education Development Fund which is overseen by the Treasury. Students from disadvantaged backgrounds benefit from a tuition fee waiver that is awarded under the Cadetship Scheme which is part of the National Education Training Fund.

Income-generating activities

These activities are run internally by the TVET institutions and can comprise different types of projects, saving schemes, and investments.

 Zimbabwe Manpower Development Fund (ZIMDEF)

The Fund provides TVET institutions with resources for training material and equipment, infrastructure improvement, and expansion. Additionally, the Fund finances skill upgrade courses for semi-skilled workers and apprenticeship training. Funding is generated through a 1% training levy paid by employers from their monthly wage expenses.

Tvet Colleges in South Africa Zimbabwe

Qualifications and Qualifications Frameworks

National Qualifications Framework (NQF)

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Zimbabwe committed to harmonizing and standardizing its TVET system with that of other Member States. Zimbabwe is therefore expected to formulate a qualification framework as a way of facilitating standardization and transferability of qualifications.

Accordingly, the Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education (MHTE) developed the Zimbabwe Examinations and Qualifications Framework (ZIMEQF) which is currently still in its draft form (2010). The coordination and planning remain decentralized with the Higher Education and Examination Council (HEXCO) in charge of Polytechnics, Industrial Training Centres, Youth Training Centres, some secondary schools, and private colleges.

The Apprenticeship Authority (AA) is responsible for the certification of skilled workers and the Nurses Council oversees the certification of nurses under the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare. A number of other Ministries ensure certification in their specific fields.

TVET College In Zimbabwe is offered at five qualification levels:

  •  Pre-Vocational Certificate (PVC);
  •  National Foundation Certificate (NFC);
  •  National Certificate (NC);
  •  National Diploma (ND); and
  •  Higher National Diploma (HND)

Quality assurance

Two bodies under the Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education (MHTE) are in charge of quality assurance at different levels. The Directorate of Standards Development and Quality Assurance (SDEQA) assures the quality of TVET programs and institutions through direct liaison with the industry, including NAMACO and its various industrial committees.

The Directorate is also in charge of developing occupational standards through the Standards Development Research Unit (SDERU).
The Higher Education and Examination Council (HEXCO) is charged with controlling the quality of examinations, curricula, registration, and accreditation of private TVET institutions. HEXCO cooperates with relevant stakeholders from the industry to ensure standards are set according to industry needs.

TVET Colleges in South Africa Zimbabwe

  • Bulawayo Polytechnic
  • Gweru Polytechnic
  • Harare Polytechnic
  • Kushinga P. Polytechnic
  • Kwekwe Polytechnic
  • Masvingo Polytechnic
  • Mutare Polytechnic
  • School of Hospitality and Tourism
  • Joshua M. N. Polytechnic
  • Msasa Industrial College
  • Mupfure Self-Help College
  • St Peters Kubatana Technology Centre
  • Westgate Industrial College

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Also, see: How Do You Know If A College Certificate Is Real?

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